health - wellness - education

We take mental health seriously, especially in veterans. Please follow one of Pine Hill Farm's own, Leanne, as her upcoming dissertation research gives us an in depth look at CBD use and benefits for veteran mental health. Find updates directly on our Facebook page.

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Entourage Effect

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Your

Endocannabinoid

System

CBD & your pet

1,000 year history

EVIDENCE + RESEARCH (click on underlined links within each title and summary to view articles)
*for additional evidence based studies on specific symptoms or disease, please email your request to thepinehillfarm@gmail.com*
Pain/Inflammation
  • Research shows that pain can be greatly decreased when the CBD receptors in the brain and spinal cord are activated. When taking CBD, these receptors are awakened and can inhibit the transmission of pain signals to the brain and pain pathway.
  • A 2017 study found that CBD counteracts the hypersensitivity of cells surrounding nerves in people with chronic pain.
Fibromyalgia
  • A 2016 study suggests the lack of cannabinoids may be the root cause for chronic pain conditions such as migraines and fibromyalgia.
  • A 2019 study looked at the drug, Bediol, for people with fibromyalgia. The results found that those who took the drug had a 30% reduction in pain scores compared to those who took the placebo.
  • Modulating the activity of the ECS may offer tremendous therapeutic promise for a diverse scope of diseases, including fibromyalgia.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Cannabidiol (CBD) demonstrated antiarthritic effects independent of cannabinoid receptors.
  • CBD is recommended to induce cannabinoid-receptor-independent anti-inflammatory effects.
 
Osteoarthritis
  • Study results indicated CBD blocked osteoarthritis (OA) pain. Prophylactic CBD treatment prevented the
    later development of pain and nerve damage in these OA joints. These findings suggest
    that CBD may be a safe, useful therapy for treating OA joint neuropathic pain.
Migraines
  • Modulating the activity of the endocannabinoid (ECS) may offer tremendous therapeutic promise for migraine sufferers.
  • A 2016 study suggests the lack of cannabinoids may be the root cause for chronic pain and migraines.
Anxiety/Depression
  • Studies show that CBD has a calming effect on patients suffering from anxiety.  Its relaxation effects in people with social anxiety disorder appear to be due to its influence on the limbic and paralimbic brain areas.
  • Evidence points toward a calming effect for CBD in the central nervous system. Cannabidiol may hold benefit for anxiety-related and sleep disorders.
  • Preliminary clinical trials support the efficacy of CBD as an anxiolytic, antipsychotic, and antidepressant, and more importantly, a positive risk-benefit profile.
 
Other Mental Illnesses
  • In two rat models of schizophrenia, it inhibited social withdrawal and reduced deficits in social interaction and cognition.
  • Preliminary clinical trials support the efficacy of CBD as an anxiolytic, antipsychotic, and antidepressant, and more importantly, a positive risk-benefit profile.
  • In a 2012 study on psychiatric disorders, results were clear that CBD had therapeutic potential over a wide range of non-psychiatric and psychiatric disorders such as psychosis.
 
Sleep
  • Evidence points toward a calming effect for CBD in the central nervous system. Cannabidiol may hold benefit for anxiety-related and sleep disorders.
  • The Endocannabinoid System can regulate circadian rhythms and modulate the sleep-wake cycle.
  • A study at the Colorado School of Medicine has demonstrated relief of difficulty sleeping.
Bone Health + Osteoporosis
  • CBD leads to improvement in fracture healing and demonstrates the critical mechanical role of collagen crosslinking enzymes. 
 
Women's Health
  • CBD activates non-ECS receptors related to mood, discomfort, body temperature and bone density.  It has been reported by many to also alleviate PMS symptoms. 
Gastrointestinal + Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Seizure + Epilepsy
  • CBD has been shown to have neuroprotective and anticonvulsant effects that have demonstrated effectiveness in people with generalized epilepsy and seizure disorders.
  • In 2018, the FDA approved the drug Epidiolex, which is a CBD purified medication, for the treatment of 2 severe forms of epilepsy (Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome).
  • In a mouse model of Dravet syndrome, CBD reduced seizures.
Parkinson's 
  • Studies show that CBD, a Cannabidiol also referred to as CBD-rich cannabis, may relieve debilitating symptoms of Parkinson’s.
  • study at the Colorado School of Medicine has demonstrated relief of issues including tremors and difficulty sleeping. CBD studies are also showing it as effective in treating the psychosis that comes with PDD (Parkinson’s disease dementia). So far, patients are tolerant of low doses of CBD oil and report positive effects.
  • Several studies were evaluated in an editorial in patients with Parkinson’s diseases and sleep disturbances. There was substantial and persistent reduction in sleep issues while taking CBD.

  • Patients who took CBD had increases in motor functioning, well-being, and quality of life compared to those who did not take CBD.

  • Patients with psychotic symptoms related to Parkinson’s Disease experienced a reduction in symptoms when taking CBD compared to a placebo group.

  • Cannabidiol can improve complex sleep-related behaviors associated with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder in Parkinson's disease patients.

Multiple Sclerosis
  • CBD is an effective treatment option for neuropathic pain, especially in MS.
 
ADD/ADHD
  • In a study of adults with ADHD using an oral spray containing CBD, there were marked improvements noted in hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inhibition measures.
Autism
  • CBD has been found to improve many symptoms that are common to autism and other disorders. In addition to its calming effects as noted in the article, CBD may improve social functioning.
Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Cannabinoids have the ability to protect neurons following brain damage which limits the degree of damage, and when given within 4 hours of a injury has been shown to limit nerve-cell damage.
Allergies + Asthma
  • Studies showed that cannabidiol (CBD) decreased allergen-induced mucus production, indicating that cannabinoid-based compounds may represent therapeutic agents for the treatment of allergic airway diseases. While most studies have shown that cannabinoids facilitate a therapeutic response, it was found that cannabinoids can also suppress allergic asthma.
Eczema
  • CBD is a rich source of fatty acids and other nutrients that benefit your skin. It has anti-inflammatory properties, plus skin-saving vitamins A, D, and E, and essential fatty acids. Part of what makes topical CBD oil so beneficial to the skin is its rich omega-6 and omega-3 content. These healthy fats encourage skin growth and new cell generation, and help calm inflammation and irritation. CBD does not clog pores and can help to hydrate and balance oily skin, which is why it also has been studied as a treatment for acne.
Bone Health + Osteoporosis
  • CBD leads to improvement in fracture healing and demonstrates the critical mechanical role of collagen crosslinking enzymes.